The need to establish a system of Training Needs Assessment (TNAS) for trainers and their supervisors was assessed by the Technical Assistance Team (TAT) of the project “Skills for Employment and Social Inclusion-SESIP” under the Component 2 (C2): Curricula Development and Training of Trainers (ToT), and the Working Group 2 formed by the concerned TVET stakeholders, to build the capacity of TVET trainers and teachers and their supervisors in technical skills and competencies and in pedagogical, managerial, supervisory, social skills and competencies, in a lifelong learning perspective. TNAS aims at institutionalizing and sustaining TNA initiatives and programmes, by developing a system for training needs assessment to instructors, trainers and supervisors working in the TVET sector as one of the key elements of knowledge management and continuous learning in TVET institutions. TNA is an essential step of the systematic approach to TVET that involves:
- Analysis of training policies where priorities, strategies and methodologies are set.
- Training needs assessment: Quantitative via statistical analysis and qualitative via occupational and job analysis.
- Curriculum development (objectives, content, methodologies, evaluation tools and criteria and instructional plan), based on the occupational and job analysis.
- Organizing resources on how to apply the outcomes of analysis of targeted populations for developing trainees’ selection criteria, selection of trainers, identifying training facilities and equipment (hardware and software) requirements.
- Implementation of training programmes (delivery styles, types, strategies, methods, and techniques).
- Training programme evaluation including measurement criteria for cost calculations, cost benefit and effectiveness, budgeting as well as systems and tools for the assessment of trainees’ achievements.
- Validation of training programmes; (concepts and techniques for tracer studies to measure the validity, relevance, accountability of training programs).